Deep inside each tooth is an area of soft tissue called the pulp, which carries the tooth’s nerves and blood supply. Root canals are very small, thin divisions that branch off from the pulp down to the tip of the root. A tooth usually has between one and four root canals.
Deep decay, deep cavities, deep fractures, or injury due to trauma, allows bacteria to seep into the pulp and infect it. Once infected, the pulp cannot heal, but instead becomes swollen and inflamed. This leads to a pressure build-up inside the tooth and intense pain.
People have usually heard something horrible or painful about root canal treatment- those days are history!
Thanks to new technology and a modern instrument called a ProTaper which Siana Dental use in their RCT procedures. The ProTaper makes the dental appointment 40% faster, virtually painless and more comfortable for you. In some cases, the RCT can be done in one to two appointments rather than the traditional three to four.
First, you will most likely be given a local anaesthetic to numb the tooth. The pulp is then exposed, which, along with any infected root canal, is cleaned and reshaped. Medication may be inserted into the area to fight bacteria. Depending on the condition of the tooth, the crown may then be sealed temporarily to guard against recontamination, or the tooth may be left open to drain, or we may go right ahead and fill the canals.
If you’re given a temporary filling, usually on the next visit it’s removed and the pulp chamber and canal(s) are filled. If the tooth is still weak, a post may be inserted above the canal filling to reinforce the tooth. Once filled, the area is permanently sealed. Finally, a crown or an onlay is normally placed over the tooth to strengthen its structure and improve appearance.
More than 95 percent of root canal treatments are successful. This high success rate is due to our use of state-of-the-art ultrasonic root canal length determination, and nickel-titanium rotary root canal preparation.
Given the vast array of anaesthetic and sedation options at Siana Dental, we can ensure a virtually painless root canal treatment. Of course, if you are anxious, we can provide happy gas (nitrous oxide) or intravenous sedation as well.
Natural tissue inflammation may cause discomfort for a few days, which can be controlled by an over-the-counter analgesic. A follow-up exam can monitor tissue healing. From this point on, brush and floss regularly, avoid chewing hard foods on the treated tooth and see your dentist regularly.
Dr Max has over 20 years of experience in dentistry and has undertaken advanced training in Implant Surgery, Intravenous Sedation, Cosmetic Dentistry, Invisalign and Oral Surgery. He can answer any questions you may have regarding our services, or any other oral health issues you may have.